Displaying items by tag: Materialhttp://numberland.asiaWed, 29 Jun 2016 18:47:16 +0200Joomla! - Open Source Content Managementde-deMeasuring creep deformation at high temperatureshttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1531-measuring-creep-deformation-at-high-temperatureshttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1531-measuring-creep-deformation-at-high-temperaturesMeasuring creep deformation at high temperatures

Measuring creep deformation at high temperatures

ID: F1601-07

Scientists developed an unique approach for checking the integrity of components operating under harsh conditions at power stations. Extreme temperatures and stresses in engineering elements such as steam pipes in a power plant may cause weld cracks that may develop until the pipeline breaks. Nevertheless, present creep strain measurement techniques are difficult to apply in a power plant because of to oxidation at high heat over a prolonged duration of time. The absence of long-term precise creep dimension leads to poor creep life prognosis, placing European power generation infrastructure at risk. Researchers initiated a project to accurately determine creep deformation and expand component life beyond the original design limitations in power stations. The project utilized digital images for long-term creep measurement and tracking of pipework where direct sensor accessory and human access are hard or dangerous. Scientists incorporated a digital digital camera equipped with a telecentric lens into a compact model system that allows brief deployment on an energy plant pipe. They also fabricated a protective casing for the assessment coupon and trialled it on an ex-service pipe. To create a high-density grid pattern on the examination coupon, experts formulated a micro laser cladding procedure, developed built-in software that allowed the operator to get pictures and calculate strain based on electronic picture correlation analysis. Based on a model and area creep strain measurements, the project developed a methodology to anticipate component remaining life and incorporated it in the system. Comprehensive analysis of the accelerated creep test data acquired from two different pipes revealed that the system is capable of supplying extremely accurate creep stress measurements.

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  • Material
  • Mechanical
  • Deformation
  • Creep
  • Temperature
  • Condition
  • Measurement
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    grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 20:59:37 +0100
    Quicker detection of manufacturing defectshttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1528-quicker-detection-of-manufacturing-defectshttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1528-quicker-detection-of-manufacturing-defectsQuicker detection of manufacturing defects

    Quicker detection of manufacturing defects

    ID: F1601-04

    Manufacturers aspire to zero defects and minimal manufacturing wastage from their manufacturing lines. An effort developed the hardware and software needed for zero-defect parts with minimal scrap, helping to make sure sustainable and competitive manufacturing. Defects created during manufacturing are presently detected offline during the last production phase, causing tremendous loss of time and cash and creating unwanted scrap. To stay away from such end-of-line failures, a project set off to develop a new built-in quality control solution to increase product quality and competition. The system aims for dependable and sustainable production with a near-zero problem and scrap target. It consists of sensors and actuators and its controlling software enables real-time multi-data gathering and analysis. Efficiency monitoring of the different steps in manufacturing processes is uninterrupted. This assists to mitigate defects within or between procedures and to enhance their robustness. The project developed new hardware and software solutions that include technological, modelling and methodological innovations into built-in quality control systems for production. It also developed novel sensor and examination gear, tracking and prognosis knowledge-based models, smart fixtures and decision-making tools. The sensors and examination methods immediately take action whenever faults are detected by the advanced monitoring and diagnostic systems. To validate the technical solutions, the project carried off demonstration tasks through real-life usage cases from the automotive, customised medicine and green power industries. The industry evaluating proved the feasibility of zero-defect production for sustainable and competitive European production. The project introduced monitoring tools for the production line that can counteract and fix defects quicker and sooner. This will end up in the reduction of expenses and less downtime and wastage while creating higher quality and safer items.

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    • Material
    • Manufacturing
    • Defect
    • Quality
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      grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 20:59:20 +0100
      Nano materials for water purificationhttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1526-nano-materials-for-water-purificationhttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1526-nano-materials-for-water-purificationNano materials for water purification

      Nano materials for water purification

      ID: F1601-02

      Water scarcity is one of the main challenges of the twenty-first century. Novel low-cost, bio-based filtration and purification membranes promise increased access to clean water for all. Water use has been growing at two times the price of the populace during the last century. Every 12 months, competition for water resources for ingesting, washing, and sustaining farming and life intensifies. A new project is developing nanomaterials-based water purification membranes for decentralised commercial and domestic water therapy to help relieve the issue. Scientists are designing, developing and testing membrane-based prototypes based on nanocellulose and/or nanochitin, polysaccharides discovered in plants and the exoskeletons of crustaceans. The primary focus is on the removal of toxic chemical compounds such as heavy metal ions, pesticides and fertilisers from contaminated industrial water making use of membranes and membrane modules. The membranes will be evaluated for their suitability for disposal by composting and its effect on environment, at end-of-life. These bio-based functional membranes therefore offer an extremely energy-efficient, cheap, biodegradable, non-toxic and green substrate for water therapy. Using existing industrial processes, the team was able to quickly up-scale manufacturing of nanoparticles (cellulose and chitin nanocrystals and cellulose nanofibres) isolated from bioresources. Nanocellulose and nanochitin have demonstrated satisfactory adsorption of hefty metal ions from water for efficient water purification. Researchers prepared 100 % bio-based membranes from cellulose nanocrystals, cellulose nanofibres and chitin nanocrystals in indigenous type as well as from surface-modified cellulose nanocrystals. Various changes were tested to improve filtration, mechanical properties and adsorption efficiency. The project will assist to recover heavy metals while ensuring high-efficiency decentralised water cleansing, high adsorption prices and high adsorption selectivity. It will additionally feature reuseable antifouling or low fouling areas. The treatment of water toxins will have long-term benefits for individual health and quality of life. This work will lead to brand new products based on green nanotechnology in the form of nanomembranes, filters and adsorbents for water purification that will be much more efficient, cost effective and environment friendly than currently available items. They will offer sustainable solutions for water recycling and elimination, and the recovery of hefty steel ions, fertilisers, medications and pesticides from industrial effluents. The ensuing enhancement in the quality of surface and groundwater, at first in Europe and then at the worldwide level, will have a far-reaching effect on the environment.

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      • Nano
      • Material
      • Water
      • Purification
      • Filtration
      • Membrane
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        grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 20:59:08 +0100
        Better material properties at higher temperaturehttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1525-better-material-properties-at-higher-temperaturehttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1525-better-material-properties-at-higher-temperatureBetter material properties at higher temperature

        Better material properties at higher temperature

        ID: F1601-01

        Experts developed functionally graded Mo/Mo silicide composites based on refractory steel skeleton embedded in a refractory silicide matrix especially directed for high-temperature (HT) corrosive environments. Material properties change from area to core due to responses occurring as the material is created. The area, automotive and energy sectors demand ever-more functional and high-performance materials capable of withstanding harsh environments. In addition, they want them at reasonable cost. A European consortium of research institutes, universities and commercial partners from five nations features met that demand. Scientists developed novel in-situ formed HT composites comprising the concept of functionally graded materials (FGMs). Porous skeletons of refractory metal (molybdenum or niobium) have actually been embedded in a silicide matrix via stress assisted reactive infiltration. Grading is achieved because silicide forming reactions between Si melt and refractory steel happen predominantly at the area, creating an oxidation-resistant skin. The innovative reactive infiltration technique for preparing complex, near-net shaped parts with a self-forming oxide coating is a novel proprietary process. The novel FGM revealed significantly enhanced oxidation resistance at HT contrasted to a traditional molybdenum alloy and much greater fracture toughness at low temperatures compared to traditional silicides. The desired synergy provides the brand new HT composites enhanced properties whenever compared with currently most widely utilized nickel based superalloys. Technology was shown effectively on three different components, among which was a room framework for mounting thermal protection sheets. The composite survived thermal surprise resistance testing, simulating spacecraft re-entry conditions. Aside from the materials and manufacturing technologies, models describing effect kinetics in the molybdenum-silicide system represent a major contribution to manufacturers. They effectively simulate both fluid and solid state responses and the effects of barrier coatings on kinetics. FGMs are functionally superior to currently used superalloys and are created with an industrially legitimate manufacturing strategy. They promise crucial benefits for both atmosphere and ground transportation. Lighter and more durable elements capable of withstanding harsher conditions will facilitate reduced gas consumption and less emissions.

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        • Manufacturing
        • Material
        • Property
        • Composite
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          grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactSun, 10 Jan 2016 20:55:37 +0100
          Execute chemical processes more eco-friendlyhttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1513-execute-chemical-processes-more-eco-friendlyhttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1513-execute-chemical-processes-more-eco-friendlyExecute chemical processes more eco-friendly

          Execute chemical processes more eco-friendly

          ID: F1510-09

          Experts have developed unique nano-structured catalysts and selective membrane materials for catalytic membrane reactors (CMRs) of great importance to the power sector. They promise enhanced overall performance and sustainability at a lower price. CMRs combine membrane-based separation and a catalytic chemical reaction in one single device. More than 80 % of reactions in the chemical industry exploit catalysts to boost production price and yield. Process intensification allowing significantly less power usage and waste for more cost-effective and sustainable technologies could have tremendous impact on industry. A new project features selected four chemical processes particularly important in the power sector related to the production of pure hydrogen, liquid hydrocarbons and ethylene. The procedures are autothermal reforming (ATR), Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS), the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction and oxidative coupling of methane (OCM). In the at the same time the team features in its hands enhanced and more cost-effective catalysts and membranes for all four procedures. Those for the lab-scale studies have been delivered to lovers currently and the materials for the pilot-scale reactors have been selected. The final catalysts for each of the pilot-scale CMRs all demonstrate superior task, selectivity and stability compared to the current state of the art. Lab-scale CMRs for all four processes have been constructed and are in different phases of screening and demonstration. In specific, the FTS and WGS reactors have actually been shown and the oxygen membranes of the ATR and OCM reactors are currently being optimised. Pilot prototypes have been designed for all but the FTS CMR (see figure on module of WGS pilot). Design of the membranes, catalysts and CMRs was supported throughout the development process by modelling and simulation. Completion of the task will be accompanied by life-cycle and environmental analyses, the initial results of which have actually currently been obtained. The staff wants to guarantee safety against explosion. A risk assessment features been finished and safety recommendations proposed. Lastly, the staff features developed the framework for an upcoming socioeconomic analysis.

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          • Chemical
          • Process
          • Catalyst
          • Nano
          • Membrane
          • Material
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            grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactTue, 27 Oct 2015 22:11:51 +0100
            Replacing silicon as an basic electronic materialhttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1512-replacing-silicon-as-an-basic-electronic-materialhttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1512-replacing-silicon-as-an-basic-electronic-materialReplacing silicon as an basic electronic material

            Replacing silicon as an basic electronic material

            ID: F1510-08

            Metal-oxide nanoparticles have actually electrical, magnetic and mechanical properties enabling the manufacturing of transparent devices through patterned deposition on versatile substrates at low temperatures. This might be the explanation why they are getting widespread interest as an enabling technology for next-generation electronic devices. To unlock their full potential, researchers adopted a holistic approach. Experimental research work on the synthesis of oxide materials suitable for display electronics and chemical sensing is supported by modelling of material properties. Material synthesis is focused on active semiconductor oxides and passive transparent performing oxides with binary, ternary and quaternary structures. Testing of oxide material electric properties is conducted using established methods along with the technique of four coefficients (M4C). M4C is based on dimensions of all coefficients regarding thermo-magneto-transport impacts of the specimens under evaluation — particularly, resistivity, Hall, Seebeck and Nernst coefficients. Developed during the program of the project, this brand new technique enables the characterisation of metal oxides with transportation characteristics below the Johnson sound level. The new oxide materials have a broad range of programs. The research work is, nevertheless, centred on touch screens with organic light-emitting diode arrays and brand new illumination and sensing concepts that are of interest to the automotive sector. Three prototypes have actually been developed collaboratively to show how newly created materials can be utilised in specific items. Early on in the project, an active matrix display overlaid on a versatile pressure sensor had been developed to take input from the motorist and provide comments. A 2nd prototype shows the possibility to integrate lighting into the practical coatings of house windows. Finally, a p-type sensor to monitor atmosphere quality in the cabin runs at lower temperatures than sensors available on the market.

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            • Electronic
            • Material
            • Silicon
            • Nano
            • Particle
            • Transparent
            • Deposition
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              grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactTue, 27 Oct 2015 22:11:46 +0100
              Nanomaterials for healthhttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1502-nanomaterials-for-healthhttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1502-nanomaterials-for-healthNanomaterials for health

              Nanomaterials for health

              ID: F1509-08

              A consortium is creating innovative steel oxide nanocomposite materials that have a wide range of applications. These range from assisting the delivery of drugs to helping cleanse up the natural environment. Core-shell materials, where nanoparticles of a particular element are covered with another substance, can have many programs in nanotechnology and nanomedicine. An initiative has developed a procedure for applying unique proteins from marine organisms to nanoparticles to produce core-shell materials. The project investigated the application of marine metal-oxide-forming enzymes and multicopper oxidase (MCO) enzymes from marine germs. It also concentrated on a type of laccase enzyme derived from marine sponges, that can be used to produce steel oxide nanocomposite materials. Project partners immobilised a sponge laccase on magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles . In addition, the enzyme can be used together with silica or other steel-oxide-forming proteins to render nanoparticles containing multiple shells of metal oxides such as titania. The photocatalytic and ferromagnetic properties of the titania-iron oxide nanoparticles allowed the development of a technique for fast and efficient removal of bacteria applying a novel magnetic nanoparticle separator. Core-shell nanoparticles developed by the consortium will be used in the remediation of contaminated sites by the removal of germs and hefty metals. The nanoparticles can additionally be utilized for developing anti-fouling strategies.

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              • Nano
              • Material
              • Composite
              • Particle
              • Health
              • Environment
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                grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactMon, 28 Sep 2015 09:33:10 +0200
                Waste heat for energyhttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1499-waste-heat-for-energyhttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1499-waste-heat-for-energyWaste heat for energy

                Waste heat for energy

                ID: F1509-05

                Just a fraction of the energy released by burning fossil fuels is transformed into mechanical or electricity energy with many of the energy released as heat and written down as a loss. Thermoelectric materials developed by an EU-funded project may provide the solution to this energy problem. Between one half and two thirds of the fossil fuels burnt to generate energy are dissipated as heat into the atmosphere. While it's long been understood that waste heat can be converted into power the performance of very early thermoelectric power generation systems was so low that it restricted their programs. Thermoelectric generators are essentially devices designed to convert temperature directly into electricity utilizing two materials and a heat gradient. The greater the heat difference between the 'hot' side and the 'cold' side the greater the energy that can be produced. Within the a project the focus was to design thermoelectric generators that could be mass produced for use in automotive waste heat data recovery. Especially, two little thermoelectric generators have been designed: one based on silicide materials and another on telluride materials. Silicide and lead telluride (Pb/Te) based materials had been synthesised and then processed using spark plasma sintering to produce thermo-electric materials with performance similar to that discovered in the literature. The thermoelectric products have been integrated with control and energy electronics. The most appropriate solution was selected for mounting onto a hot air testrig where the exhaust of a 2litre gas automobile was simulated to establish its overall performance. This, in addition to estimated manufacturing and offering costs, had been used to evaluate the new technology's commercial attractiveness. When completed the system will draw out waste heat from the exhaust that will deliver direct current electrical power to the car electric system and hence reduce the alternator need offering enhanced fuel effectiveness by as much as 5 %.

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                • Energy
                • Waste
                • Heat
                • Thermoelectric
                • Material
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                  grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactMon, 28 Sep 2015 09:32:56 +0200
                  How-to Collection Phase Change Materialshttp://numberland.asia/index.php/how-tos/item/1466-how-to-collection-phase-change-materialshttp://numberland.asia/index.php/how-tos/item/1466-how-to-collection-phase-change-materialsHow-to Collection Phase Change Materials

                  How-to Collection ID: HT0102 (about 710 expired patents).

                  With this collection of expired patents ("US" + "EU") containing the words "Keyword(s)" within title and abstract you easily find products and technologies free to use which are suited to your business model. Order.

                  Mit dieser Sammlung von abgelaufenen Patenten (US + EU), die die Worte "Stichworte" im Titel und in der Zusammenfassung enthalten, finden Sie ganz einfach Technologien und Produkte, die zum Geschäftsmodell Ihres Unternehmens passen. Bestellen.

                  • Phase
                  • Change
                  • Material
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                    grond@numberland.de (Administrator)How-toThu, 25 Jun 2015 20:26:47 +0200
                    Nano-structured building blocks inspired by naturehttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1458-nano-structured-building-blocks-inspired-by-naturehttp://numberland.asia/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1458-nano-structured-building-blocks-inspired-by-natureNano-structured building blocks inspired by nature

                    Nano-structured building blocks inspired by nature

                    ID: F1505-04

                    Bio-inspired mineralisation process bases on heterogeneous nucleation of nanosize inorgаniс stages, such as calcium phosphate or carbonate, onto 3D organic templates that assemble in a complex fashion, thanks to information exchanged at the molecular level. Νυmerоυs living organisms exploit thіs рroсess tо build structureѕ with the fυnсtion of sustain аnd рrotection (i.e. еxоskeletonѕ in bugs and molluscs, endoskeletonѕ in mammals). Brand new green chemistrу prоcedυrеs рermit the in-lab aсtivatiοn of thе cоntrοl meсhаnisms at the basis of suсh ensеmble of соmplex phenоmena to flеxibly drive thе contrоlled developmеnt of new hybrid materіals with fυnctiоn of arresting nanopartісles in сritical size range; cοntrollеd hеatіng аnd moisturising of health gases; scaffolds fοr rеgeneration of dental tissυes and fibrous рhotovoltaiсѕ to be integrated іntо new dye ѕensitized solar сellѕ.
                    These brand new bio-inspired process for dеvelopment of smart multі-functional prοdυcts with broad application in Hеalth, Envirоnment and Safety is of quicklу growing value for cоntemporary technical programѕ. One of the talents of these procedures is the usage of numerous and environmentally friendly raw materials such as natural polymers and fibres. These materials are blended by inducing chemical or real linking between different bio-polymers or normal fibres therefore generating composite bio-polymeric matrices, utilized to develop nano-sized building obstructs then subjected to bio-inspired assembling and mineralization. In this resрect, prоspeсtive materіаls and processes had been sсreened and tested and thе beѕt appliсants selected fοr addіtional development.

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                    • Nano
                    • Inspired
                    • Solar
                    • Cell
                    • Hybrid
                    • Material
                    • Environment
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                      grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 27 May 2015 09:35:11 +0200